英国硕士论文参考:供应链方面

2018-05-31 12:05 编辑:admin 来源:代写论文 浏览:

Abstract摘要
 许多零件拼在一起制造汽车。似乎不同的零件在制造汽车中起着重要的作用。因此,汽车制造企业的供应链在汽车制造业中占有十分重要的地位。即使是小部件的丢失也会导致汽车制造业的崩溃。因此,供应链在汽车制造业中占有绝对重要的地位。显然,美利坚合众国和日本以“汽车制造商”闻名,美国汽车的著名品牌包括福特和通用汽车;日本汽车品牌包括丰田和本田。它们在供应链上完全不同。本文将讨论日本供应链和美国供应链之间的差异。最后,从中吸取的内容对今后的其他汽车生产商有借鉴意义。
Many parts are manufactured together to make a car. It seems that different parts could pay an important role in making a car. As a consequence, Supply Chain of the car company is quite necessary in manufacturing the cars. Even, small parts losing could cause breaking down of the car manufacture. Therefore, supply chain is absolutely important in the car manufacturing. Apparently, the United States of America and Japan are famous for the “car producer”, the famous brands of the American car are including the Ford and General Motor; the Japanese car brands are included Toyota and Honda. They are totally different in the supply chain. This article would like to discuss the difference between the Japanese supply chain and American supply chain. Finally, the contents what learn from them could benefit for the other car producers in the future.
  
 Table of contents
 Abstract 2
 1 Introduction 4
 2 Literature Review 8
 2.1 Supply Chain 8
 2.2 Supply chain management of automotive industry 10
 2.2.1 Supply chain risks and their drivers 10
 2.2.2 Managing supply-chain risks 10
 2.2.3 Delays 12
 2.2.4 Systems Risk 13
 2.2.5 Intellectual Property Risk 15
 2.3 What manager to do face the risks? 15
 2.3.1 Stress Testing 15
 2.3.2 Tailoring Risk Management 16
 3 Methodology 17
 3.1 Concept 17
 3.2 Types 19
 4 Analysis 20
 4.1 Characteristic of Supply chain management of automotive industry 20
 4.2 The Compare of FAW Volkswagen and GM 22
 5 Conclusion 30
 6 Reflective Report 33
 7 References 36
  
 1 Introduction介绍
 
目前,许多厂家都关心他们公司的低效生产和交货做法供应商。在指责他们的供应商,但他们或许应该审视自己的政策和程序。任何制造商都可以从美国汽车制造商那里学到这个教训;他们的日本竞争者已经在美国建立了业务,并提供了这两类汽车供应商。
At present, many manufacturers are concerned about their company's inefficient production and delivery practices suppliers. In accusing finger at theirsuppliers, but they should perhaps examine their own policies and procedures. Any manufacturer can learn this lesson from the American car manufacturers; their Japanese competitors have established operations in the United States and provide some of these two groups of automotive suppliers.
 During the 1980s and 1990s, Japanese automobile manufacturers to build significant capacity class manufacturing practices in the United States and the world quickly become the new quality standards of the US auto industry. These practices far beyond just in time (JIT) delivery of parts to the plant include all aspects of lean production. Japanese carmakers transplant, their lean focus to achieve their success depends on the development of local supply base, which means sharing the innovative manufacturing, management methods and techniques and US suppliers, made a similar plant in Japan so competitive (Ainapur, Singh &Vittal, 2011). Some skeptics claimed that lean manufacturing will never succeed in North America, taking into account may not be reliably provide materials, just in time for the continent's size and transportation systems. However, Japanese companies in the United States seem to prove otherwise. Many automobile manufacturers began to follow their lead Japanese counterparts, transform their oblique direction and its suppliers, requiring JIT Logistics. For automotive manufacturers, in order to effectively implement lean practices, it seems to be the key supplier of production from traditional mass production within the system, and practice Lean transition in its logistics system. In fact, this is only partially true. Logistics practice and carmakers internal management strategy - the customer's own, in other words, may be of suppliers, ability to respond to lean more far-reaching impact. Suppliers in the implementation of a higher level of tiles is a Japanese car manufacturer and the American carmakers duty. Policies and practices for the relatively high three carmakers and Japanese transplants, automakers investigated the supplier factories, making the US and Japanese customers similar products (Kumar & Schmitz, 2011). In supplier factories or logistics managers to fill in their questionnaire production and logistics practices in its largest US auto clients and their customers, Japan's largest transplant. Automakers have studied the US and Japan customers’ not only how different, as a whole, but also how different customer-specific: Ford, General Motors car manufacturer: Honda, Nissan, Toyota and other Japanese transplants. A total of 91 suppliers describe the relationship with Japanese customers and US customers (Chiarini&Vagnoni, 2015). Automakers found that Japanese automobile manufacturers have effectively put the goat in the United States of lean manufacturing supply base, and many of these practices are more successful than American competitors. Next is Japane.se successful transplant two privately in the US carmakers, despite attempts to emulate the practice of lean manufacturing and supply chain logistics, to the Japanese standard way to check is not performed.
 
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